GK Questions and Answer, GK Quiz

1:  The scientific study of earthquakes and the propagation of elastic waves that move through and around the Earth is known as
Options:
  1. Geology
  2. Geomorphology
  3. Lithology
  4. Seismology

Answer: Option4

Explanation:

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2:  Tectonic force is related with the building of various features of which among the following?
Options:
  1. Mountains
  2. Ocean floor
  3. Earth's crust
  4. Earth's surface

Answer: Option3

Explanation:

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3:  Among the following types of geological folds, which one is also known as 'Isoclinal fold'?
Options:
  1. Symmetrical fold
  2. Recumbent fold
  3. Fan fold
  4. Asymmetrical fold

Answer: Option2

Explanation:

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4:  Following is a list of volcanic mountains and the corresponding archipelagos, where it is located. Which among them is correctly matched?
Options:
  1. Sicily - Mount Pelee
  2. Hawaii - Mount Stromboli
  3. Java - Mount Merapi
  4. West Indies - Mauna Loa

Answer: Option3

Explanation:

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5:  Earthquakes are caused by which among the following factors?
Options:
  1. Tectonic forces below the earth's surface
  2. Volcanic eruptions
  3. Nuclear explosions
  4. Cyclones

Answer: Option1

Explanation:

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6:  Volcanic activity leads to the formation of which among the following?
Options:
  1. Coastal terraces
  2. River valleys
  3. Crater lakes
  4. Limestone caves

Answer: Option3

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7:  What is a very large mass of intrusive igneous rock formed from cooled magma deep in the Earth's crust known as?
Options:
  1. Sill
  2. Laccolith
  3. Dyke
  4. Batholith

Answer: Option4

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8:  'Mauna Loa' is an example of which among the following options?
Options:
  1. active volcano
  2. extinct volcano
  3. plateau in a volcanic region
  4. dormant volcano

Answer: Option1

Explanation:

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9:  What is molten rock material found beneath the surface of the earth known as?
Options:
  1. Basalt
  2. Laccolith
  3. Lava
  4. Magma

Answer: Option4

Explanation:

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10:  Which of the following measurement scales is used to measure the magnitude of earthquakes?
Options:
  1. Beaufort scale
  2. Richter scale
  3. Secant scale
  4. Mercalli scale

Answer: Option2

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11:  What term is used to describe the rare phenomenon of an opening in the earth's surface through which a jet of hot water and steam is forced out at regular intervals?
Options:
  1. Crater
  2. Geyser
  3. Volcano
  4. Hot spring

Answer: Option2

Explanation:

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12:  Due to which of the following reasons do volcanic eruptions occur?
Options:
  1. Excessive heat inside the earth
  2. Pressure in the batholiths
  3. Lateral displacement of plates
  4. Conversion of rocks in the deeper layers of earth's crust to a molten state of magma

Answer: Option4

Explanation:

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13:  In which of the following regions earthquakes and volcanoes mostly occur?
Options:
  1. Plateau region
  2. Deep sea plains
  3. Coastal Region
  4. Folded and faulted region

Answer: Option4

Explanation:

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14:  The 'Ring of Fire' is a major area, located in the basin of an ocean of the world, where a large number of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions occur. Which of the following oceans is it?
Options:
  1. Indian Ocean
  2. Atlantic Ocean
  3. Pacific Ocean
  4. Arctic Ocean

Answer: Option3

Explanation:

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15:  M. K.Gandhi was regarded by lot of other names by lot of peoples in India.What is the name given to him by a non-Indian in the modern age?
Options:
  1. Malang Fakir
  2. Half naked Saint
  3. Rastrapita
  4. Nanga Fakir

Answer: Option2

Explanation:

All the above names are given by various people. Even Mahatma(Saint) was given by R.N.Tagore in 1917. Both Malang Fakir & Nanga Fakir was given by Kabailis in 1930 & Rastrapita was given by Netaji S.C.Bose in 1944. But Half naked Saint was given by Franq Mores in 1931. Discuss this in Forums

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16:  In which session of the Congress, it got split into moderates and extremists?
Options:
  1. Surat
  2. Ahmedabad
  3. Lucknow
  4. Madras

Answer: Option1

Explanation:

Mahatma Gandhi was a preacher of non-violence. Though he opposed the policies made by the British Government wanted a independent India but in a moderate way. So, in the Congress, he got opposed by the thinking of Bhagat Singh,V.D. Savarkar & Netaji,etc. because they wanted to retaliate the attack of the British Government. This, difference of opinion led to the split into moderates and extremists in the Surat session of the Congress. Discuss this in Forums

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17:  Which Indian states were annexed by The annexation policy of Doctrine of Lapse, by the British Government?
Options:
  1. Mysore, Satara and Bhavnagar
  2. Jhansi, Satara and Mysore
  3. Jhansi, Nagpur and Travancore
  4. Jhansi, Nagpur and Satara

Answer: Option4

Explanation:

It was another very clever,cunning & heinous ploy by the British to capture the state like applying Subsidiary Alliance. The British Government, on the pretext of maladministration, applied the annexation policy of Doctrine of Lapse & annexed the above 3 states. Discuss this in Forums

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18:  which Indian national leader, in Indian Legislature, first attacked The Salt Tax imposed by the British Government?
Options:
  1. G. K. Gokhale
  2. Mahatma Gandhi
  3. Dadabhai Naoroji
  4. Pherozeshah Mehta

Answer: Option1

Explanation:

Mahatma Gandhi regarded G. K. Gokhale as his Political Guru. So Gandhi supported him when he first attacked The Salt Tax imposed by the British Government in Indian Legislature, which later became Salt Satyagraha - Where Mahatma Gandhi started The historic Dandi March in march 12,1930. Discuss this in Forums

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19:  Who repealed the Vernacular Press Act of 1878?
Options:
  1. Lord Ripon
  2. Lord Minto
  3. Lord Curzon
  4. Lord Lytton

Answer: Option1

Explanation:

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20:  In 1857, which person were unable to capture by the British in the first Indian war of independence?
Options:
  1. Bahadur Shah II
  2. Mangal Pandey
  3. Nana Sahib
  4. Tantia Tope

Answer: Option3

Explanation:

All four took active part in the first Indian war of independence, & were killed or captured by the British but Nana Sahib, the adopted son of Peshwa Baji Rao II, could not be captured by the British. Discuss this in Forums

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Once a wolf, always a wolf.
-Aesop Aesop's Fables