GK Questions and Answer, GK Quiz

1:  Sheet erosion over earth's surface is caused with the action of which of the following factors?
Options:
  1. shifting cultivation
  2. strong winds
  3. heavy rains
  4. moving ice

Answer: Option3

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2:  A 'Bird's Foot Delta' is a delta with long projecting distributary channels that branch outward like the toes or claws of a bird. Such a delta can be found in which of the following river regions?
Options:
  1. Nile
  2. Mississippi
  3. Niger
  4. Colorado

Answer: Option2

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3:  Mechanical weathering is the set of various processes of weathering that causes what change of state of the exposed rocks?
Options:
  1. erosion
  2. disintegration
  3. denudation
  4. decomposition

Answer: Option2

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4:  Among the following various types of regions, which one contains doline land features?
Options:
  1. Volcanic
  2. Deltaic
  3. Karst
  4. Glaciated

Answer: Option3

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5:  Among the following geological processes, which one brings the land surface to a common level?
Options:
  1. Aggradation
  2. Erosion
  3. Gradation
  4. Weathering

Answer: Option3

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6:  Among the following options, which one is not helpful for delta formation?
Options:
  1. Fast movement of river in mountains to cut sediments
  2. Slow speed
  3. Long river course
  4. Tidal nature of waves

Answer: Option4

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7:  Among the following, which is the proper order of seismic waves as they are received at the seismograph station?
Options:
  1. L-wave, P-wave, S-wave
  2. P-wave, L-wave, S-wave
  3. P-wave, S-wave, L-wave
  4. S-wave, P-wave, L-wave

Answer: Option3

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8:  Which of the following European nations has around 130 volcanic mountains and 30 active volcanic systems?
Options:
  1. Finland
  2. Iceland
  3. Ireland
  4. Norway

Answer: Option2

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9:  Shield volcanoes are wide volcanoes that refer to
Options:
  1. explosive lava eruptions
  2. repeated lava flows
  3. ejection of a wide range of pyroclastic materials
  4. individual lava flows

Answer: Option2

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10:  A volcano is a vent or an opening in the crust of the earth from which usually comes out
Options:
  1. Clouds of gases
  2. Molten lava and clouds of gases
  3. Molten lava, dust and steam and even pieces of rocks
  4. All of the above

Answer: Option4

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11:  What are volcanoes that have not erupted at all in historic times but retain the features of volcanoes called?
Options:
  1. Active
  2. Dormant
  3. Sleeping
  4. Extinct

Answer: Option4

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12:  What is the depth of the focus of Plutonic earthquakes?
Options:
  1. 50 km
  2. 50-250 km
  3. 250-750 km
  4. These earthquakes can have focus at any depth

Answer: Option3

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13:  Among the following options, which one is a post volcanic activity?
Options:
  1. Earthquakes
  2. Lava ejection
  3. Thermal spring formation
  4. Typical behaviour of animals

Answer: Option1

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14:  Earthquakes occur frequently in which of the following areas?
Options:
  1. Eastern coast of Asia
  2. Islands of South East Pacific Ocean
  3. Western coast of America
  4. All of the above areas

Answer: Option4

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15:  The transverse, longitudinal and surface waves in an earthquake originate from which among the following options?
Options:
  1. The focus within the body of the earth.
  2. The focus on the surface of the earth.
  3. The epicentre on the surface of the earth.
  4. The epicentre within the body of the earth.

Answer: Option1

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16:  The material that comes out of a volcano at the time of eruption is among which of the following?
Options:
  1. solid, liquid, gaseous
  2. solid and liquid
  3. solid and gaseous
  4. liquid and gaseous

Answer: Option1

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17:  Which of the following volcanoes located in the Philippines had a massive eruption in 1991, after remaining dormant for nearly six centuries?
Options:
  1. Mt. Kanlaon
  2. Mt. Mayon
  3. Mt. Bulusan
  4. Mt. Pinatubo

Answer: Option4

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18:  Among the following options, which one can be a cause of earthquakes?
Options:
  1. Presence of underground water
  2. Volcanic eruptions
  3. Occurrence of cracks and fissures in rocks
  4. Burrowing animals

Answer: Option2

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19:  Synclines and anticlines are the terms associated with which of the following?
Options:
  1. Earthquakes
  2. Faulting
  3. Folding
  4. Volcanoes

Answer: Option3

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20:  What is a large cauldron-like depression more than one kilometre in diameter caused by the collapse of the centre of a volcano known as?
Options:
  1. Crater
  2. Rift valley
  3. Caldera
  4. Canyon

Answer: Option3

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