Which of the following incidents was direct fallout of the Rowlatt Act?

Options :
  1. Communal Riots in Bengal
  2. Massacre at Amritsar
  3. Social legislation in Madras
  4. Economic reforms in U.P.
Answer and Explanation :-

Answer: Option 2


The Rowlatt Act, passed by the Imperial Legislative Council in London on March 10, 1919, indefinitely extending "emergency measures" (of the Defence of India Regulations Act) enacted during the First World War in order to control public unrest and root out conspiracy in India. Passed on the recommendations of the Rowlatt Committee and named after its president, British judge Sir Sidney Rowlatt, this act effectively authorized the government to imprison any person suspected of terrorism living in the Raj for up to two years without a trial, and gave the imperial authorities power to deal with all revolutionary activities. The unpopular legislation provided for stricter control of the press, arrests without warrant, indefinite detention without trial, and juryless in camera trials for proscribed political acts. The accused were denied the right to know the accusers and the evidence used in the trial. Those convicted were required to deposit securities upon release, and were prohibited from taking part in any political, educational, or religious activities. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, among other Indian leaders, was extremely critical of the Act and argued that not everyone should get punishment in response to isolated political crimes. The Act annoyed many Indian leaders and the public, which caused the government to implement repressive measures. Gandhi and others found that constitutional opposition to the measure was fruitless, so on April 6, a "hartal" was organised where Indians would suspend all business and fast as a sign of their opposition. This event is known as the Rowlatt Satyagraha. Gandhiji named the Rowlatt Act as "black act". Gandhi's protest movements led directly to the Massacre of Amritsar (April 13, 1919), also known as the infamous Jallianwala Bagh massacre of 1919 and subsequently to his noncooperation movement (1920-22). Massacre of Amritsar on April 13, 1919 was a devastatingly diabolical incident in which British troops under the command of B

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