In which of the following electrical appliances one can observe the conversion of electrical energy into chemical energy?

Options :
  1. Fan
  2. Storage battery
  3. Heater
  4. Incandescent bulb
Answer and Explanation :-

Answer: Option 2


A rechargeable battery, storage battery, or accumulator is a type of electrical battery. It comprises one or more electrochemical cells, and is a type of energy accumulator used for electrochemical energy storage. It is technically known as a secondary cell because its electrochemical reactions are electrically reversible. Rechargeable batteries come in many different shapes and sizes, ranging from button cells to megawatt systems connected to stabilize an electrical distribution network. Charging is a process that reverses the electrochemical reaction. It converts the electrical energy of the charger into chemical energy. One has to remember that a battery does not store electricity; it stores the chemical energy necessary to produce electricity. A battery charger reverses the current flow, providing that the charger has a greater voltage than the battery. The charger creates an excess of electrons at the negative plates, and the positive hydrogen ions are attracted to them. The hydrogen reacts with the lead sulfate to form sulfuric acid and lead, and when most of the sulfate is gone, hydrogen rises from the negative plates. The oxygen in the water reacts with the lead sulfate on the positive plates to turn them once again into lead dioxide, and oxygen bubbles rise from the positive plates when the reaction is almost complete.

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