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Sarojini Naidu, born as Sarojini Chattopadhyay also known by the sobriquet as 'The Nightingale of India', was a child prodigy, Indian independence activist and poet. Naidu served as the first governor of the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh from 1947 to 1949; the first woman to become the governor of an Indian state. She was the second woman to become the president of the Indian National Congress in 1925 and the first Indian woman to do so.
Sarojini Naidu (1879-1949) was the gifted artist, whose poetry is appreciated, for its bird like quality. The three volumes of her poems The Golden Threshold (1905), The Bird of Time (1912) and The Broken Wing (1917) occupy a place of eminence in the history of Indo-Anglian poetry. The third collection of Sarojini Naidu's poems, 'The Broken Wing' was published in 1917. It has sixty-one lyrics. Tagore praised the poems saying, "Your poems in 'The Broken Wing' seem to be made of tears and fire like the clouds of a July evening glowing with the muffled passion of sunset" (qtd. in Banerjee 1998, 97).