Deep sea divers use an inert gas for breathing that is substituted for nitrogen. Which of the following gases is it?

Options :
  1. Helium
  2. Argon
  3. Krypton
  4. Xenon


Answer and Explanation :-

Answer: Option 1

Explanation:

Trimix is a breathing gas, consisting of oxygen, helium and nitrogen, and is often used in deep commercial diving and during the deep phase of dives carried out using technical diving techniques. With a mixture of three gases it is possible to create mixes suitable for different depths or purposes by adjusting the proportions of each gas. The mixture of helium and oxygen with a 0% nitrogen content is generally known as Heliox. This is frequently used as a breathing gas in deep commercial diving operations, where it is often recycled to save the expensive helium component. Analysis of two-component gases is much simpler than three component gases. The main reason for adding helium to the breathing mix is to reduce the proportions of nitrogen and oxygen below those of air, to allow the gas mix to be breathed safely on deep dives. A lower proportion of nitrogen is required to reduce nitrogen narcosis and other physiological effects of the gas at depth. Helium has very little narcotic effect. A lower proportion of oxygen reduces the risk of oxygen toxicity on deep dives.

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By: Huma Parveen On: May/14/2014

what are inert gases.

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