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The Bhopal disaster or Bhopal gas tragedy was a disaster that resulted from an accident, caused by the reckless negligence of the factory management. It happened at a Union Carbide subsidiary pesticide plant in the city of Bhopal, India. On 3 December 1984, the plant released 42 tonnes of toxic Methyl isocyanate (MIC) gas, exposing more than 500,000 people to toxic gases. The first official immediate death toll was 2,259. A more probable figure is that 8,000 died within two weeks, and it is estimated that an additional 8,000 have since died from gas-related diseases. The Bhopal disaster is frequently cited as the world's worst industrial disaster.