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Alberuni was born at Khiva in 973 A.D. and he was two years younger than Mahmud of Ghazni. His original name was Abu Rehan Muhammad bin- Ahmed. He came to India in the war-train of Mahmud and lived here for many years. He was a great philosopher, mathematician and historian. Attracted by Indian culture, he learnt Sanskrit and studied several books concerning Hindu philosophy and culture. His curious mind and master eyes did not spare even the Puranas and the Bhagwat-Gita. He travelled far and wide and wrote a masterly account of India in his book Tahqiq-i-Hind. It is also known as Kitabul Hind (1017-31 A.D).