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Dry Farming is a type of farming practiced in arid areas without irrigation by planting drought-resistant crops and maintaining a fine surface tilth or mulch that protects the natural moisture of the soil from evaporation. The Deccan Plateau is a large plateau in India which covers the majority of the southern part of the country. It is between three mountain ranges and extends over eight Indian states. The Deccan Plateau covers 43 per cent of India's landmass. The plateau's climate is drier than that on the coasts and is arid in places. The dry land areas of the Plateau sees not only low rainfall but also extremely unpredictable. Thus dry farming is the only way out in such a region and as a major provider of organic manure, livestock is crucial to the stability of dryland agriculture along with the crucial role played by cattle in conducting the farming operations.