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The Swadeshi Movement is considered the first Nationalist movement launched against the British in India because, it was the first great people's movement to reckon with, being spearheaded by the great Nationalists of the day. The Swadeshi Movement was an economic strategy aimed at removing the British Empire from power and improving economic conditions in India by following the principles of Swadeshi (self-sufficiency). The Swadeshi Movement started as an agitation against the partition of Bengal by Lord Curzon, Viceroy of India, in 1905, but then slowly spread to other parts of India and continued up to 1911. Strategies of the Swadeshi Movement involved boycotting British products and the revival of domestic products and production processes. The Khilafat Movement was started in 1919, while the Non Co-operation Movement was started in 1920 and the Quit India Movement in 1942.